Country of origin: Canada
Weight: Up to 70 kg (males),above 50 kg (females)
Height: over 70 cm
Use: Dog for water and towing heavy loads
Life span: Over 10 years
If you had the opportunity to personally see Newfoundland, certainly you will never forget those gentle brown eyes looking at you kindly. This dog can be very entertaining companion if they are in the mood for it, but do not underestimate them. In their nature is to be heroic and are known for their rescue instincts. If that means they have to jump into the water to rescue someone who has just fallen, they will certainly do that. Newfoundland is an excellent swimmer and is often used as rescue dog for drowning people.
Their origin is from Canada, specifficaly the island of Newfoundland. It is believed that their origin is from local Indian dogs and the Tibetan mastiff, that were brought by European fishermen in the beginning of the eighteenth century. It is not excluded that they have Labrador blood, who is originally from the neighboring island of the same name. This gentle, big dog used to help fishermen and sailors. Because of these characteristics, they were given the nickname "water St. Bernard."
If you have enough space to hold a large dog that is as smart as cuddly, Newfoundland is a great choice.
Newfoundland is massive and powerful dog, but very gentle in nature. They are calm, sociable, generous, intelligent and brave. They are also very affectionate to their master and learn very quickly, without too much effort. Never reacts nervously.
They are very attached to their owner and the house and they find it difficult changing owners. They love children and are extremely gentle with them. Newfoundland likes farm animals and is friendly towards them and often invites them to play.
They have a big, brown eyes, though dogs with lighter hair can have light brown eyes. The most important thing about their eyes is a gentle, soft look that reflects their good nature and dignity.
Newfoundland’s have water resistant double coats. A Newfoundland's undercoat is typically soft and dense, and the outer coat is coarse and long. The hair on the legs are Fuzzy, a tail is covered with long hairs.
Newfoundland dogs are usually black or chocolate-brown, although there are rare variation of gray. There are also black-and-white dogs. They are mostly white, but the head and the back are black. Some are black on the buttocks and below the tail. Some are white around muzzle and have a lighter hair around the eyes, but it is not always the rule.
Newfoundland are known for their gentle and charming nature. It's amazing how these dogs are gentle, despite its size. They are very loyal to their owners, they love to play with children and rarely bark. Patience is another thing for which this dogs are known and many people consider them to be perfect pets.Although pretty gentle, they can be very brave when they find themselves in dangerous situation. They are usually friendly to everyone, but can behave protectively if they feel that their owners are in danger.
Newfoundland walk gracefully and rhythmically, seemingly without effort. Thanks to the long front and strong back legs, they can travel long distances with little effort. Their legs usually move in parallel, although this is not the case when fast running. Their skin is heavy and pulls them back, making them somewhat slow as they run.
All dogs shed, but a Newfoundland shed a little more than other dogs. The reason for this is that they have a lot of hair in two layers. Newfoundland’s shed their undercoats heavily in spring and autumn in a process that is called "blowing" the coat.
- Brushing– Newfoundland have thick hair. It is best to brush them daily to to prevent mats.
- Trimming– it is not necessary to trim the dog, but if you want, it is best to cut their long hair on the legs and tail, if you find difficult to brush these parts.
- Bathing–when it comes to these dogs, it is best to avoid shampoos.Removal of sebum may adversely affect the water resistance of the coat. Brushing is enough to keep the dog clean
- Nails– clip them if necessary with nail clipper, but be careful not to cut too much. It is safer to use nail file.
- Teeth– brush their teeth several times a week and take them to the vet on a thorough cleaning at least once or twice a year.
- Ears– it is important to keep their ears clean. Clean the ears at least once a week.
Newfoundland dogs are big, so it is clear that they a lot of energy. Despite that, they love basking and napping; so many people who keep these dogs in homes indicate that the largest specimens can easily adapt to life in an apartment.
However, this does not mean that these dogs do not require exercise and physical activity, and if this activity includes water, nothing will make him more happier. To keep them fit, take them for a walk at least once a day. 20 minutes of walking is quite enough.
Taking into account their gentle nature, Newfoundland are quite sensitive and therefore training should not be aggressive, but easy. Never yell at him or punish him, as this will not achieve anything. These dogs react on a positive incentive, since they love to indulgeits owner, but you must have a firm stand.
Newfoundland can be trained as a professional rescue dog, especially in water, or use for therapeutic purposes